What is diabetes?
There are three main types of diabetes. And we shall discuss diabetes management guidelines considering all the types.
Type 1 Diabetes – your body does not make insulin. This is a problem because you need insulin to take the sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat and turn it into energy for your body. You need to take insulin every day to live.
Type 2 Diabetes – your body does not make or use insulin well. You may need to take pills or insulin to help control your diabetes. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: Some women get this kind of diabetes when they are pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after the pregnancy is over. However, these women and their children have a greater chance of getting diabetes later in life.
TAKE DIABETES SERIOUSLY
You may have heard people say they have “a touch of diabetes” or that their “sugar is a little high. These words suggest that diabetes is not a serious disease. That is not correct.
DIABETES IS SERIOUS, BUT YOU CAN LEARN TO MANAGE IT
People with diabetes need to make healthy food choices, stay at a healthy weight, move more every day, and take their medicine even when they feel good. It’s lot to do.
It’s not easy, but it’s worth it!
WHY TAKE CARE OF YOUR DIABETES
Taking care of yourself and your diabetes can help you feel good today and in the future. Here are some diabetes management guidelines. When your blood sugar (glucose) is close to normal, you are likely to:
- Have more energy
- Be less tired and thirsty
- Need to pass urine less often
- Heal better
- Have fewer skin or bladder infections
- You will also have less chance of having health problems caused by diabetes such as:
- Heart attack or stroke
- Eye problems that can lead to trouble seeing or going blind
- Pain, tingling, or numbness in your hands and feet, also called nerve damage.
- Kidney problems that can cause your kidneys to stop working
- Teeth and gum problems
LEARN HOW TO LIVE WITH DIABETES
It is common to feel overwhelmed, sad, or angry when you are living with diabetes. You may know the steps you should take to stay healthy, but have trouble sticking with your plan of diabetes management guidelines over time.
Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, or listing to your favorite music.
Ask for help if you feel down. A mantel health counselor, support group, friend, or family member who will listen to your concerns may help you feel better.
- Choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat
,Transfat, sugar and salt.
- Eat foods with more
fiber, such as whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta.
- Choose foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grain and low-fator skimmed milk and cheese.
- Drink water instead of juice.
- Store insulin properly. Insulin is temperature sensitive medicine.
- If you feel problems from the use of diabetes medicines immediately report to your doctor.
- Be cautious and always check your doctor before taking any new medicine.
USE OF ALCOHOL
- Get permission from your doctor before taking alcohol drink.
- Don’t drink alcohol beverage on an empty stomach. Eat before you drink or drink with a meal to prevent low blood sugar.
- Choose your drink carefully. Light beer and dry wines have fewer calories and carbohydrates.
- Include the calories count of the alcohol drink in your daily calories count.
- Alcohol can lower blood sugar level, so check your blood sugar level before go to bed.
- Set a goal to be more active most days of the week. Start slow by taking 10 minutes walks, 3 times a day.
- Twice a week, work to increase your muscle strength. Use stretch bands, do yoga, heavy gardening (digging and planting with tools), or try push-ups.
- Stay at or get to a healthy weight by using your meal planand moving more.
KNOW WHAT TO DO EVERY DAY
- Take your medicine for diabetes and any other healthproblems even when you feel good.
- Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots and swelling.
- Brush your teeth and floss every day to keep your mouth, teeth and gums healthy.
- Stop smoking. Ask for help to quit.
- Keep track of your blood sugar. You may want to check it once or more times a day.
- Check your blood pressure if your doctor advises and keep arecord of it.
Finally, in this article on diabetes management guidelines we tried to comprise the information in a short story. For the detail study here we suggest to visit : https://www.niddk.nih.gov/