WHAT IS HEPATITIS: HEPATITIS SYMPTOMS & HEPATITIS PREVENTION
What is Hepatitis: Hepatitis means injury to the liver with inflammation of the liver cells. There are five main types of hepatitis and the type is commonly determined by a laboratory test.
Symptoms of hepatitis
Short-term (acute) hepatitis often has no noticeable symptoms, so you may not realize you have it.
If symptoms do develop, they can include:
- Muscle and joint pain
- A high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above
- Feeling and being sick
- Feeling unusually tired all the time
- A general sense of feeling unwell
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal (tummy) pain
- Dark urine
- Itchy skin
- Also, yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice)
Long-term (chronic) hepatitis also may not have any obvious symptoms. Until the liver stops working properly (liver failure). This may only be diagnosed during blood tests.
In the later stages it can cause jaundice, swelling in the legs, ankles and feet, confusion, and blood in your stools or vomit.
Immunization of children (1-18 years of age) consists of two or three doses of the vaccine. Adults need a booster dose six to 12 months following the initial dose of vaccine. The vaccine is thought to be effective for 15–20 years or more.
Safe and effective vaccines provide protection against hepatitis B for 15 years and possibly much longer. Currently, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all newborns and individuals up to 18 years of age and adult participating at risk of infection be vaccinated. Hence, three injections over a six to 12 month period are required to provide full protection.
- Wash your hands after going to the bathroom and before fixing food or eating.
- Avoid tap water when traveling to certain countries or regions. Ask your doctor about risks before you travel.
- Don’t share drug needles.
- Don’t share personal items—such as toothbrushes, razors and nail clippers—with an infected person.
Fast facts on hepatitis
Here are some key points about what is hepatitis.
- The five main types of hepatitis are caused by viruses.
- Globally, around 250 million people are affected by hepatitis C and 300 million people are estimated to be hepatitis B carriers.
- Hepatitis A is caused by consuming contaminated food or water.
- Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease.
- And Hepatitis C is commonly spread via direct contact with the blood of a person who has the disease.
- A person can only get infected with hepatitis D if they are already infected with hepatitis B.
- Person can get infected with the hepatitis E virus (HEV) by drinking contaminated water.
- Hepatitis that cannot be attributed to one of the viral forms of the disease is called hepatitis X.
- Hepatitis G is another type of hepatitis caused by a specific virus (HGV).
- The initial symptoms of hepatitis are similar to those of flu.
Hepatitis and the Liver
The liver has a wide range of functions, including:
- Detoxification (filters harmful substances form the blood, such as alcohol)
- Stores vitamins A, D, K and B12 (also stores minerals)
- Protein synthesis (makes certain amino acids – the building blocks of proteins)
- The production of bio-chemicals needed for digestion, such as bile
- Maintains proper levels of glucose in the blood
- Produces 80% of your body’s cholesterol is vital)
- The storage glycogen (also converts glucose to glycogen)
- Decomposing red blood cells
- Synthesizing plasma protein
- The production of hormones
- Produces urea (the main substance of urine)
Hepatitis can heal on its own with no significant consequence. It can progress to scarring of the liver. Acute hepatitis lasts under six months, while chronic hepatitis lasts longer.
Most liver damage is caused by 3 hepatitis viruses, called hepatitis A, B and C. However, hepatitis can also be caused by alcohol and some other toxins and infections. As well as from our own autoimmune process (the body attacks itself).
About 250 million people globally are thought to be affected by hepatitis C, while 300 million people are thought to be carriers of hepatitis B.
Finally, not all forms of hepatitis are infectious. Alcohol, medicines, and chemical may be bad for the liver and cause inflammation. A person may have a genetic problem, a metabolic disorder, or an immune related injury. Furthermore, obesity can be a cause of liver damage which can lead to inflammation. These are known as non-infectious, because they cannot spread form person-to-person. The subject what is hepatitis is diverse, but for now we are closing the article. Will come back with more detail study very soon.