MS Definition

MS Definition (Multiple Sclerosis)

MS Definition

The subject MS definition is describing completely with causes, diagnosing, treating, etc. MS is a chronic disease that damages the nerves in the spinal cord and brain, as well as the optic nerves.

Sclerosis means scarring, and people with MS develop multiple areas of scar tissue in response to the nerve damage. Depending on where the damage occurs, symptoms may include problems with muscle control, balance, vision, or speech. Read the following details for overview about MS definition.

MS Symptoms: Weakness or Numbness

Nerve damage can cause:

  • Weakness in an arm or leg
  • Numbness
  • Loss of balance
  • Muscle spasms

These symptoms may lead to frequent tripping or difficulty walking.

MS Symptoms: Vision Problems

More than half of people with MS experience a vision problem called optic neuritis. This inflammation of the optic nerve may cause blurred vision, loss of color vision, eye pain, or blindness, usually in one eye. The problem is usually temporary and tends to improve within a few weeks. In many cases, vision problems are the first sign of MS.

MS Symptoms: Speech Problems

Although less common than vision problems, some people with MS develop slurred speech. This happens when also have trouble swallowing. MS damages the nerves that carry speech signals from the brain. Some people

Other MS Symptoms

what is MS: MS can take a toll on mental sharpness. Some people may find it takes longer to solve problems. Others may have mild memory loss or trouble concentrating. Most people with MS also experience some loss of bladder control, because signals between the brain and bladder are interrupted. Finally, fatigue is a common problem. You may feel tired even after a good night’s sleep.

Stroke vs. MS

Confusion, slurred speech, and muscle weakness can be symptoms of MS, but they can also be signs of a stroke. Anyone who suddenly has trouble speaking or moving his or her limbs should be taken to the ER immediately. Treating a stroke within the first few hours provides the best odds of a successful recovery.

What is MS

How MS Attacks

In people with MS, the body’s own immune system attacks the tissue surrounding the nerve fibers in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. This covering is made of a fatty substance called myelin. It insulates the nerves and helps them send electrical signals that control movement, speech, and other functions. When myelin is destroyed, scar tissue forms, and nerve messages are not transmitted properly.

What Causes MS?

The roots of MS remain mysterious, but doctors see some surprising trends. what is MS: It’s most common in regions far from the equator, including Scandinavia and other parts of Northern Europe. These areas get less sunlight, so some researchers believe that vitamin D (the “sunshine vitamin”) may be involved. Research suggests a possible link between vitamin D deficiency and autoimmune disorders, but studies are ongoing. Genetics appear to play a role, as well.

Who Gets MS?

MS is at least twice as common in women as it is in men. While it can strike people of any race, Caucasians appear to be most at risk. The chances of developing the condition are highest between ages 20 and 50.

MS Definition

Diagnosing MS

Tests are often used, along with a medical history and neurological exam, to diagnose MS and rule out other causes and symptoms about MS. More than 90% of people with MS have scar tissue that shows up on an MRI scan. A spinal tap can check for abnormalities in the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord. Tests to look at electrical activity of nerves can also help with diagnosis. Lab tests can help rule out other autoimmune conditions or infections such as HIV or Lyme disease.

How Does MS Progress?

MS definition: it is different in every person. Doctors usually see four forms:

Relapsing-remitting:

Symptoms flare during acute attacks, then improve nearly completely or “remit.” This is the most common form of MS.

Primary-progressive:

MS slowly but steadily worsens.

Secondary-progressive:

Begins as relapsing-remitting type, than becomes progressive.

Progressive-relapsing:

The underlying disease steadily worsens. The patient has acute relapses, which may or may not remit. This is the least common form of MS.

MS and Weather

Research suggests that the disease may be more active during the summer months. Heat and high humidity may also temporarily worsen symptoms. Very cold temperatures and sudden changes in temperature may aggravate symptoms, as well.

Treating MS: Pain Management

About half of people with MS develop some form of pain, either as a result of a short circuit in the nervous system or because of muscle spasms or strain. Doctors may prescribe antidepressants and anticonvulsant medications to ease nerve pain. Pain medicines and anti-spasm drugs may also be used. Muscle pain often responds well to massage and physical therapy. Be sure to discuss the options with your doctor if you find yourself in pain.

Treating MS: Physical Therapy

If MS affects balance, coordination, or muscle strength, you can learn to compensate. Physical therapy can help strengthen muscles, combat stiffness, and get around more easily. Occupational therapy can help retain coordination in your hands for dressing and writing. And if you’re having trouble speaking or swallowing, a speech therapist can help.

Outlook for MS

Most people with MS live a normal or near-normal lifespan. While the condition may make it more difficult to get around or complete certain tasks, it doesn’t always lead to severe disability. Finally, thanks to effective medications, rehab therapies, and assistive devices, many people with MS remain active, stay in their jobs, and continue to enjoy their families and favorite activities. For now that’s all from MS definition. Will come again with more details.

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