Arthritis is a common cause of chronic knee and hip pains that in some cases may lead to disability. The article can help you in choosing the best course of action that suits your individual needs. We have discussed the each orthopedic surgery with the following titles to give you the basic knowledge.
- Total Knee Replacement
- Total Hip Replacement
- Also, Hip Resurfacing
- Furthermore, Knee Arthroscopy
Total Knee Replacement
What is knee replacement?
Arthritis is a common cause of chronic knee pain and disability. Although there are several types of arthritis, most knee pain is caused by just three types: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis. A knee replacement can be simply described as knee “resurfacing” because only the surface of the bones are actually replaced.
When surgery recommended?
The orthopaedic surgeon may recommend knee replacement orthopedic surgery for several reasons:
- Severe knee pain or stiffness that limits routine normal activities, these include walking, climbing stairs, and getting in and out of chairs.
- Also, it may be difficult to walk short distances without significant pain and you may require a cane or walker.
- Moderate or severe knee pain while resting
- Chronic knee pain and swelling that does not improve with rest or analgesics, massage, injections in the joint for pain relief.
- Also, development of knee deformity – a bowing in or out of your knee
- Sometimes there is no or minimal knee pain but the deformity is increasing, leading to bone loss. Hence, total knee
Finally, the procedure itself takes approximately 60 – 90 minutes and you will most likely stay in the hospital for a week.
Total Hip Replacement
What is hip replacement?
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty) the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components.
When surgery recommended?
People who benefit from hip replacement orthopedic surgery often have:
- Hip pain that limits everyday activities, such as walking or bending.
- Hip pain that continues while resting, either day or night
- Stiffness in a hip that limits the ability to move or lift the leg
- Inadequate pain relief from anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, or walking supports.
- Furthermore, most people who undergo hip replacement surgery experience a dramatic reduction of hip pain and a significant improvement in their ability to perform the common activities of daily living.
- Finally, the surgical procedure usually takes 60 – 90 minutes and you will most likely stay in the hospital for 5 – 7 days.
What is hip resurfacing?
Patients with advanced arthritis of the hip may be offered traditional total hip replacement (arthroplasty) or hip resurfacing (hip resurfacing arthroplasty). Each of these procedures is a type of hip replacement, but there are important differences:
In a traditional total hip replacement, the head of femur (thigh bone) and the damaged socket (acetabulum) are both removed and replaced with metal, plastic or ceramic components.
In hip resurfacing, the femoral head not removed, but instead trimmed and capped with a smooth metal covering. The damaged bone and cartilage within the socket removed and replaced with a metal shell, just as in a traditional total hip replacement.
The most suitable candidates for hip resurfacing are younger patients, less than 60, with strong and healthy bone.
Hip resurfacing surgery usually last between 1 – 2 hours and you will most likely stay in the hospital for 4 – 6 days.
What is knee arthroscopy?
An arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery in which a joint is viewed from inside using a small camera, to diagnose and treat problems within the joints.
Most noteworthy, knee arthroscopy is extremely safe, highly successful, and has minimal complications associated with the procedure. According to the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine, more than 4 million knee arthroscopies are performed worldwide each year.
Arthroscopy for the knee is most commonly used for:
- Removal or repair of torn meniscal cartilage
- Likewise, Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament
- Also, trimming of torn pieces of articular cartilage
- Furthermore, removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage
- Also, removal of inflamed synovial tissue
Almost all arthroscopic knee surgeries performed on an outpatient basis. Arthroscopy can be performed under regional or general anesthesia. The patient should be able to go home once have fully recovered from the anesthesia.